Jyoti Shah, PhD. completed a B.Sc. degree in microbiology and biochemistry (1983) and his M.Sc. degree in microbiology (1985) from the University of Bombay (India). After two years conducting research in an industrial setting at Hindustan Lever Ltd in Bombay, he traveled to South Bend, Indiana where he earned a Ph.D. degree (1991) in biology at the University of Notre Dame under the supervision of Mary J. Clancy for his work on genetic factors regulating meiosis and sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. After completion of his doctoral degree, Shah joined Daniel Klessig's group as a postdoctoral fellow to study plant defense signaling at the Waksman Institute (Rutgers University) in Piscataway, NJ. In 1998, he accepted a tenure-track position as Assistant Professor in the Division of Biological Sciences at Kansas State University where he rose to the rank of Associate Professor. In 2007, Shah was recruited by the University of North Texas, where he rose to the rank of Professor and was subsequently honored with the title of University Distinguished Research Professor. Over the past 20 years, Shah has developed an internationally acclaimed program in the area of plant defense signaling and the role of lipids in stress response. His lab pioneered work on developing tools to develop a model system for studying plant defense against aphids. In addition, his group discovered a novel signaling role for the diterpenoid dehydroabietinal in plant defense and the transition to reproductive development. Shah has applied these discoveries to develop strategies for enhancing resistance in wheat to the Fusarium head blight disease. He has also contributed to more than 100 publications that have over 8000 citations. Shah's research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the US Department of Agriculture and the US Wheat and Barley Scab Initiative.
CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS:
- Plant-pathogen interactions: Plant defense against pathogens; signaling mechanisms in plant defense; Secondary metabolites in plant defense signaling as well as susceptibility to diseases.
- Plant-insect interaction: Plant response to phloem feeding insects; physiological changes in plants during aphid infestation; Signaling mechanisms contributing to resistance as well as susceptibility to insect infestation.
- Plant Lipids: Involvement of lipids and lipid oxidation in plant stress response.
- Applied interests: Engineering disease resistance in agronomically important plants against important diseases, e.g. Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat.
US Department of Agriculture. Targeting host defense mechanism for enhancing FHB resistance in wheat (PI). $174,824. 05/09/13 - 05/08/17.
MOST SIGNIFICANT PUBLICATIONS:
- Shah, J., Giri, M., Chowdhury, Z., and Venables, B.J. (2016) Signaling function of dehydroabietinal in plant defense and development. Phytochem. Review. doi: 10.1007/s11101-016-9466-0.
- Nalam, V. J., Alam, S., Keereetaweep, J., Venables, B., Burdan, D., Lee, H., Trick, H.N., Sarowar, S., Makandar, R., and Shah, J. (2015). Facilitation of Fusarium graminearum infection by 9-lipoxygenases in Arabidopsis and wheat. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 28, 1142-1152.
- Shah, J., Chaturvedi, R., Chowdhury, Z., Venables, B. and Petros, R.A. (2014). Signaling by small metabolites in systemic acquired resistance. Plant Journal 79, 645-58. (Accompanied by cover image)
- Vu, H. S., Shiva, S., Roth, M. R., Tamura, P., Zheng, L., Li, M., Sarowar, S., Honey, S., McElhiney, D., Hinkes, P., Seib, L., William T. D., Gadbury, G., Wang, X., Shah, J., and Welti, R. (2014) Lipid changes after leaf wounding in Arabidopsis thaliana: Expanded lipidomic data form the basis for lipid co-occurrence analysis. Plant J. 80, 728-743.
- Shah, J., Chaturvedi, R., Chowdhury, Z., Venables, B., Petros, R. A. (2014) Signaling by small metabolites in systemic acquired resistance. Plant J. Plant J. 79, 645-658.
- Suzuki, N., Miller, G., Salazar, C., Mondal, H.A., Shulaev, E., Cortes, D. F., Shuman, J. L., Luo, X., Shah, J., Schlauch, K., Shulaev, V., and Mittler, R. (2013) Temporal-spatial interaction between ROS and ABA controls rapid systemic acclimation in plants. Plant Cell. 25, 3553-3569.
- Louis, J. and Shah, J. (2013) Arabidopsis thaliana - Myzus persicae interaction: shaping the understanding of plant defense against phloem-feeding aphids. Front. Plant Sci. 4:213. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00213.
- Louis, J., Gobbato, E., Mondal, H.A., Parker, J. and Shah, J. (2012). Discrimination of Arabidopsis PAD4 activities in defense against green peach aphid and pathogens. Plant Physiology 158, 1860-72. (Accompanied by Cover Image)
- Chaturvedi, R., Venables, B., Petros, R.A., Nalam, V., Li, M., Wang, X., Takemoto, L.J. and Shah, J. (2012). An abietane diterpenoid is a potent activator of systemic acquired resistance. Plant Journal 71, 161-72.
- Nalam, V., Keeretaweep, J., Sarowar, S. and Shah, J. (2012). Root-derived oxylipins promote aphid performance on Arabidopsis thaliana foliage. Plant Cell 24, 1643-53.
- Vu, H.S., Tamura, P., Galeva, N.A., Chaturvedi, R., Williams, T.D., Wang, X., Shah, J. and Welti, R. (2012). Direct infusion mass spectrometry of oxylipin-containing Arabidopsis thaliana membrane lipids reveals varied patterns in different stress responses. Plant Physiology 158, 324-39.